WHAT IS A CRIMINAL CASE?
A criminal case occurs when the government is attempting to punish someone for an act that has been classified as a crime by Congress or a state legislature.
Facts About Criminal Cases:
In a criminal case, a prosecutor initiates and controls the case, not the victim. The prosecutor may file criminal charges even if the victim doesn't want to.
If a defendant can not afford an attorney, a government-paid attorney will be appointed to them.
A person found guilty of a crime may be ordered to pay a fine or be incarcerated.
A defendant's guilt must be proven by the prosecutor "beyond a reasonable doubt."
Defendants in a criminal case are entitled to a trial by jury if requested.
A crime is any behavior that is punishable by fine or incarceration. In the United States, an act is considered criminal when Congress or a state or local legislature has defined it as a crime.
WHY CRIMES ARE CRIMES:
Whether a crime is a Felony or Misdemeanor depends on the potential punishment. If a law provides for imprisonment for longer than one year, the crime is usually considered a felony. If the punishment is for less than a year, the crime is considered a misdemeanor.
Felonies are classified according to the seriousness of the offense into five categories:
Misdemeanors are classified according to the seriousness of the offense into three categories: